By Kristalyn Shefveland
Shefveland examines Anglo-Indian interactions in the course of the belief of local tributaries to the Virginia colony, with particularemphasis at the colonial and tributary and overseas local settlements of the Piedmont and southwestern Coastal undeniable among 1646 and 1722.
Read or Download Anglo-Native Virginia: Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery in the Old Dominion, 1646-1722 PDF
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Extra info for Anglo-Native Virginia: Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery in the Old Dominion, 1646-1722
It is logical to question the purpose of the laws to begin with. One thing is certain: despite the laws, the sale of Indian children continued. Indian slaveholding even went to the highest levels of Virginia society. In 1655 Governor Berkeley wrote to Indian trader Thomas Stegg regarding a known Indian slave owner, Thomas Ligon. 65 Thomas Ligon was married to Mary Harris, the sister of Major William Robert Harris of the Henrico County and Charles City County militia, who had participated in the 1669–70 John Lederer expedition, and of Thomas Harris, another known Indian slave owner.
49 34 / Chapter Two The Virginians seemed unable to come to a consensus on how to regulate the trade or whether there should be a trade at all. The debate itself highlights the problems between the colonial government, at both the assembly and the county levels, and the settlers themselves. At times it was illegal to employ tributaries as traders; at times it was legal and encouraged. 52 Although colonists found it was very difficult to acquire more than a handful of guns for illegal sale in the English colonies, scholars speculate that the traders continued to supply guns to the Indians.
The length of indenture typically obligated the adult Native for five or six years, but the Anglo master could legally lengthen the indenture to anywhere from twelve years to life. Ways of legally lengthening an indenture included punishments for running away, insolence, laziness, and moral delinquency. In complaints, the county courts generally sided with the English owner. In fact, Virginians often ignored the indentures of their Indian servants and refused to set them free after their period of servitude ended.
Anglo-Native Virginia: Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery in the Old Dominion, 1646-1722 by Kristalyn Shefveland