By Charlotte Brooks
Among the early 1900s and the overdue Nineteen Fifties, the attitudes of white Californians towards their Asian American pals developed from outright hostility to relative reputation. Charlotte Brooks examines this alteration throughout the lens of California’s city housing markets, arguing that the perceived foreignness of Asian americans, which at first stranded them in segregated parts, finally facilitated their integration into neighborhoods that defied different minorities.Against the backdrop of chilly battle efforts to win Asian hearts and minds, whites who observed little distinction among Asians and Asian american citizens more and more recommended the latter group’s entry to middle-class lifestyles and the residential components that went with it. yet as they reworked Asian americans right into a “model minority,” whites purposefully neglected the lengthy backstory of chinese language and eastern americans’ early and principally failed makes an attempt to take part in private and non-private housing courses. As Brooks tells this multifaceted tale, she attracts on a large diversity of assets in a number of languages, giving voice to an array of group leaders, reporters, activists, and homeowners—and insightfully conveying the complexity of racialized housing in a multiracial society.
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Additional info for Alien Neighbors, Foreign Friends: Asian Americans, Housing, and the Transformation of Urban California (Historical Studies of Urban America)
Still, they remained as essential to labor cohesion and white solidarity in San Francisco as they had been in 1877. 32 What those products might be was anyone’s guess. Regardless, such tactics proved even more successful than they had in 1882 and 1892, for in 1904, Congress barred further Chinese labor immigration indefinitely. The presence of the Chinese was thus crucial to shaping racial understandings in San Francisco long after the end of legal Chinese labor immigration in 1882. To the Native Sons and most white San Franciscans, California was solely for the white race.
When gold was still relatively easy to find, white miners generally tolerated the presence of the Chinese. ” But as the supply of gold petered out, whites began forcing the Chinese off mining claims. The new California state legislature also created the infamous 1852 Foreign Miners’ Tax, charging foreign miners a three dollar monthly fee and allowing tax collectors to confiscate mining plots for taxes owed. 13 Growing anti-Chinese sentiment also reflected the larger racial and economic issues of the time.
Many 18 Chapter One San Francisco factories closed, and those that remained in business sometimes fired whites and hired Chinese who were willing to work for less. The Workingmen’s Party of California (WPC) emerged from this volatile situation. Party founder Dennis Kearney, an Irish immigrant turned demagogue, skillfully channeled the anger of the unemployed white men who gathered in San Francisco’s vacant lots to hear his harangues. Contending that the city’s rich capitalists used Chinese to drive white men’s wages down to starvation levels, Kearney urged his listeners to burn Chinatown to the ground.
Alien Neighbors, Foreign Friends: Asian Americans, Housing, and the Transformation of Urban California (Historical Studies of Urban America) by Charlotte Brooks