By Ogbu Kalu
Throughout Africa, Christianity is prospering in all sizes and shapes. yet one specific pressure of Christianity flourishes greater than such a lot -- Pentecostalism. Pentecostals think that everybody can individually obtain the presents of the Holy Spirit reminiscent of prophecy or the facility to talk in tongues. In Africa, this sort of religion, within which the supernatural is an everyday presence, is sweeping the continent. this day, approximately 107 million Africans are Pentecostals -- and the numbers proceed to upward push. during this booklet, Ogbu Kalu offers the 1st ever evaluate of Pentecostalism in Africa. He indicates the fantastic range of the religion, which thrives in lots of diversified kinds in different neighborhood contexts. whereas most folks think that Pentecostalism used to be dropped at Africa and imposed on its humans by way of missionaries, Kalu argues emphatically that this isn't the case. through the ebook, he demonstrates that African Pentecostalism is highly African in personality, no longer imported from the West. With an even-handed method, Kalu offers the religion's many features in African existence. instead of shying clear of debatable matters just like the position of cash and prosperity within the circulation, Kalu describes malpractice while he sees it. the single ebook to provide a finished examine African Pentecostalism, this research touches upon the movement's id, the position of missionaries, media and pop culture, girls, ethics, Islam, and immigration. The ensuing paintings will end up worthy to an individual drawn to Christianity outdoor the West.
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Additional info for African Pentecostalism: An Introduction
As Irvin argued in a different setting, ‘‘A new framework or mission studies is actively under construction today extending these insights in light of the growth of Christianity world-wide. ’’27 Contemporary scholarship recognizes the role of and connection with the United States, but distinguishes between pervasive and minimalist presence, funding and non- or limited funding, and being a catalyst/spark and creating/constructing a movement. The implication is to examine more clearly the dynamics of the American connection in each region because the pattern of relationship changed through time.
Indeed, many Classical Pentecostals were invited by local believers; and most Pentecostal missionary incursions to Africa in the period 1900 through the 1910s yielded little dividends or simply collapsed. A reconstruction of the genealogy of the movement must distinguish between the outpouring of the charismatic power, the arrival of Pentecostal groups from the outside, and the survival, development, and growth of both strands of the movement. From the 1980s, the dynamics of Western relationships with non-Western Pentecostal groups intensiﬁed into a complex permutation with about a dozen patterns: 1.
The variety of the movement in southern Africa also had American contributions that were more intrusive because of the context: The evangelization of the motherland by African Americans led them into southern Africa where white settler populations not only had no competition from mosquitoes but also intended to inherit the land with an invented covenant theology. White settlers 34 precedents in early charismatic movements, 1900–1960s created a different type of virulent racism. Moreover, missionary presence had a longer history, had built an enclavement Christianity that denigrated African reality, and was, therefore, hostile to the pretensions of African Americans.
African Pentecostalism: An Introduction by Ogbu Kalu