By Trevor Ling
The spiritual traditions of Asia and Europe, the 'East' and 'West' of the name, are often considered as being in sharp distinction with one another, the only 'mystical', the opposite 'prophetic'. at any time when their religions will not be so contrasted they're frequently taken care of in isolation from one another: the faith of Israel, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Dr Ling, notwithstanding, stresses that there's substantial overlap and interpenetration among the 2 forms and parts, and that it is very important see the historic inter-relation among those religions and to watch how, in the course of given classes of historical past, there are parallel advancements or major divergences. He covers the interval 1500 B.C. to the current time, delivering an summary of the advance of Asian and eu spiritual traditions and associations, and discussing the social and monetary elements serious about the advance of religous traditions, even though he exhibits that such components by myself don't account for the spiritual lifetime of guy. Dr Ling is going directly to interpret the modern importance of those religions and their capability for the longer term lifetime of humanity. He means that the current degree of non secular boost is characterized by way of open-endedness in the direction of the long run; now not all religions show this personality, yet none has but exhausted the chances of improvement. This publication is meant to be used an an creation to the learn of faith. even if reference is made within the textual content to resources of extra details, the booklet can be utilized regardless of them.
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Extra info for A History of Religion East and West: An Introduction and Interpretation
26, is to be found in Josh. 24: 2-13. This is similar, but slightly longer. Already the process of elaboration can be seen at work; the process of filling out the original basic creed had begun, which was eventually to result in the present Pentateuch. The narrative in Josh. 28);Joshua is reminding the whole community of Israel, the original members and the newcomers, of the essentials of their faith. The narrative statement begins: 'Your fathers dwelt of old time beyond the River [that is, the river Euphrates; thus, in Mesopotamia], even Terah, the father of Abraham, and the father ofNahor: and they served other gods.
A further point which we have to note is that over most of India from at least the time of the Indus valley The Religiousfeatures ofpre-Aryan India 27 civilisation until now agriculture has provided the characteristic basis of Indian life. With this village society based on an agricultural economy goes yet one more characteristic feature - the cult of the village goddess. In nomadic, pastoral, herd-keeping societies the male principle predominates; among agricultural peoples, aware of the fertile earth which brings forth from itself and nourishes its progeny upon its broad bosom, it is the mother-principle which seems important, unless, as in Egypt, some other factor intervenes.
32 The Dravidians and the notion of karma Another thoroughly characteristic feature of Indian religious belief is that of karma. By this is meant a law of moral cause and effect which operates automatically and externally throughout the whole universe. It is in its relation to human beings, however, that the significance of this notion comes out most clearly, and provides one of the major factors in the development oflndian religious ideas.
A History of Religion East and West: An Introduction and Interpretation by Trevor Ling